The protection prohibits TechTribe from a) preventing or attempting to prevent reporting and, as a result of reporting, taking b) retaliation. The protection also consists in c) freedom from liability and the right to damages in case of violation of the prohibitions.
- Obstructive measures can consist of the operator offering a benefit for someone not to consult with their employee organisation.
- Retaliation is, for example, dismissal, non-promotion, changed duties, changed workplace, salary reduction and changed working hours.
- Protection in the form of freedom from liability means that whoever, by blowing the whistle according to the law, violates a duty of confidentiality cannot be held liable for having violated the duty of confidentiality.
For protection in the form of freedom from liability, it is required that the reporting person had reasonable grounds to assume that the reporting of the particular information covered by the duty of confidentiality was necessary to reveal the misconduct.
Exemption from liability is not granted in the event of a willful breach of the duty of confidentiality which, according to the Publicity and Secrecy Act (OSL), restricts the right to communicate and publish information in accordance with the Freedom of the Press Ordinance or the Freedom of Expression Act, so-called qualified confidentiality, or breach of confidentiality according to the Act (1971:1078) on defense inventions.
Exemption from liability is also not granted when a reporting person gives out documents. Exemption from liability, on the other hand, applies if the reporting person verbally or otherwise reports information from a document without disclosing the document.
If the reporting person commits a crime through the collection of information, the person is not protected. Crimes that can typically be committed during acquisition are theft, trespassing, data breach, espionage or unauthorized position with secret information.